In 2005 the Eurpean Commission asks the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to review 2000 and 2003 scientific pinions (SCAHAW, 2000 and 2003) on avian influenza in the light of more recent scientific data.

The EFSA scientific opinion should in particular describe:

1. an assessment of the risk of the introduction, and possible secondary spread, of LPAI and HPAI into the EU via different commodities, such as live poultry, ornamental birds, hatching eggs, table eggs, fresh poultry and other poultry products. In addition the scientific opinion should describe the risk factors for disease introduction into poultry holdings and surveillance tools and procedures available for early detection of AI in poultry holdings in relation to those risks;

2. the role of “backyard” poultry flocks in the epidemiology of avian influenza and available disease control tools for this specific population;

3. the risk of disease transmission between certain avian species in particular with respect to pigeons and anseriformes;

4. the risk of virus persistence in poultry manure and farm waste and a description of the possible inactivation and disinfection procedures that could be applied to these materials;

5. the animal welfare aspects of avian influenza including the implications of the different control strategies.

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